Friday, June 10, 2022

R**k R****r

Yesrerday at 8:02 AM

A whole lot of truth about gas prices, and to those that say: "the president doesn't set the price of gas"... pay close attention and maybe read it twice:

From a production worker in a refinery on the Gulf of Mexico:

"You've been lied to by the President and his phony cronies, but I want to set the record straight. I'm going to tell you the truth, so pay attention"....

1. There is enough recoverable crude oil within the continental US to supply current and projected future demand for 400+ years, and that's just the oil we know about. It doesn't account for future discoveries. That's a fact...

2. We do not need to import a SINGLE DROP of foreign crude oil. The domestic oil industry can easily meet, and even surpass domestic demand. We've done it before, and we can do it again. That's a fact...

3. The domestic oil industry currently cannot satisfy domestic demand due to oil drilling restrictions imposed by the federal government. That's a fact...
4. The price of EVERYTHING revolves around oil, and the law of supply vs demand dictates the price of oil. When oil is plentiful, commodities are cheap. When oil is scarce, commodities are more expensive. Right now, domestic oil is scarce, and the price of everything is high because of these restrictions imposed by the federal government. That's a fact…

5. We import foreign oil from countries that drill and produce it much cheaper than we're able to because they do not implement all of the environmental safeguards that we do. Their methods are FAR more destructive to the environment than ours are. That's a fact...

6. Every year, the federal government leases tracts of land to oil companies so they can explore on it for oil. If enough oil is found during exploration, the company can then apply for a drilling permit which allows them to drill a well. If no oil is found during exploration, or if the amount found is not enough to be profitable the lease expires without ever being drilled on. Leases that are active, but not being drilled on does NOT mean that oil companies are being lazy, or are trying to keep the oil for themselves, etc. etc. It means they've either explored the lease for oil and found nothing, or found oil but it's not enough to justify drilling for. That's a fact...

7. it’s not Russia's fault, or China's fault, or Ukraine, or India, or Venezuela, or Iran, or Bangladesh, or any other countries' fault as to why everything is so expensive right now. It's Joe Biden's fault, because he is suppressing the domestic oil industry for political gain.

EVERYTHING depends on crude oil... but you might not know that if you believe the lies that are being told about oil and the oil industry.

Thursday, June 9, 2022

Tucker Carlson: Democrats are not serious about protecting you   5 days ago  Fox News

Fox News host Tucker Carlson gives his take on President Biden's speech addressing gun violence on 'Tucker Carlson Tonight.' #FoxNews #Tucker

Why the price of gas is so high

Tobacco Smoke Enema Kit (1750s – 1810s).
The tobacco enema was used to infuse tobacco smoke into a patient's rectum for various medical purposes, but primarily the resuscitation of drowning victims. A rectal tube inserted into the anus was connected to a fumigator and bellows that forced the smoke into the rectum. The warmth of the smoke was thought to promote respiration. Doubts about the credibility of tobacco enemas led to the popular phrase "blowing smoke up your ass."

If you are in the USA, you are most likely aware, this odd tool is still heavily used by the Liberal government today. 

It is more commonly known as the Biden Trumpet.


 I don't know how much of this is true BUT.. if any is true then there's reason to question it ALL

*********. COPIED. *********

More oddities re: TX School Shooter, for your information:
e was an 18 year old who lived with his grandma. Had a part-time job at McDonald's (8 hours a week), minimum wage. He dressed in expensive women's clothes. He dropped out of school because he was obsessed with video games.
Had a Brand new expensive game console. A brand new F250 pickup “fully loaded.” His weapons: 2 Brand new Daniel Defense (brand) AR15/M4 rifles, with Military grade Optics. Each rifle is between 3,000 and 4,000 dollars. Thousands of rounds of expensive Military grade ammunition. A thousand dollar bullet proof vest. All from a part time job at McDonald's...?!?!?!?
Ford F250 Platinum $71,000.00
Game Console $500.00
Rifles $6000.00/$8,000.00
Optics $1000.00
Ammo $900.00
Body Armor $1000.00
TOTAL - $80,400.00
On Minimum Wage ??!!
Seems to me SOMEONE WAS FUNDING HIM and training him as well... And oh - he just happens to have known the Buffalo shooter? Seriously?! Someone is TRAINING these so-called ""shooters" .... And those rifles were EXACTLY like one of the rifles from the Las Vegas "shooter". EXACTLY -- down to the optics, AND the vertical fore-grip. And that particular configuration is (legally) only available to "Military and Law Enforcement" ... the only conclusion one can arrive at is that there is someone TRAINING these miscreants so that our Second amendment can be ended.
And just before the NRA Convention, how timely...
And.. if he had a new pickup, why did he use his grandmothers to drive to the school..??
Copied and pasted
Corruption lives in your neighborhoods. 👀

Tuesday, June 7, 2022

Quinnipiak  POLL

Frequently cited by journalists, public officials and researchers, the independent Quinnipiac University Poll regularly surveys residents nationwide and polls in more than twenty states about political races, state and national elections, and issues of public concern, such as the economy, education, the environment, foreign policy, gun policy, health care, immigration, race relations, and taxes.

Poll Results

Latest May 26, 2022
Lamont Has 8-Point Lead In Connecticut Governor Race, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; 58% Say They Are Worse Off Financially Than A Year Ago
Read More east

25 items per page

May 26, 2022

Lamont Has 8-Point Lead In Connecticut Governor Race, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; 58% Say They Are Worse Off Financially Than A Year Ago

May 18, 2022
Nearly 7 In 10 Favor A Limit On How Long SCOTUS Justices Can Serve, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 85 Percent Of Americans Expect Economic Recession In Next Year

May 04, 2022
Crime Overshadows All Other Issues As The Most Urgent In NYC, Quinnipiac University New York City Poll Finds; But Half Of Voters Say They Expect Tourism To Increase

April 27, 2022

Slight Majority Say Masks Should Not Be Required On Airplanes, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; But More Than Half Of Americans Still Plan To Wear Masks On Airplanes Even Without Mandates

April 13, 2022
74% Of Americans Think Worst Of War In Ukraine Is Yet To Come, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; More Than 8 In 10 Think Vladimir Putin Is A War Criminal

April 06, 2022
52% Say Justice Thomas Should Sit Out Election Cases, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 2020 Election: Public Split On Whether Trump Committed A Crime

March 30, 2022

Inflation Tops Russia-Ukraine War As Most Urgent Issue In U.S., Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 52% Disapprove Of GOP Senators' Handling Of Ketanji Brown Jackson Hearings

March 24, 2022
Plurality See Cryptocurrencies As Long-Term Economic Force, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Americans Under 50 Most Bullish On Future Of Cryptocurrencies

March 16, 2022

Majority Approve Of NATO Decision Not To Enforce No-Fly Zone, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Public Figures In U.S. Praising Putin Are Viewed Negatively

March 07, 2022
Vast Majority Of Americans Say Ban Russian Oil, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Nearly 8 In 10 Support U.S. Military Response If Putin Attacks A NATO Country

February 28, 2022
63% Of Americans Concerned Russia May Use Nuclear Weapons, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 7 Out Of 10 Say U.S. Troops Should Get Involved If Russia Invades A NATO Country

February 17, 2022
66% Say History Lessons Fell Short On Role Of African Americans, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Nearly 4 In 10 Have Family Or Friends They Consider Racist

February 16, 2022
Majority See Tensions Between Russia And Ukraine Leading To War, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Pence vs. Trump On 2020 Election: Majority Of Reps Side With Pence

February 09, 2022

More Than 6 Out Of 10 NYC Voters Optimistic About Mayor Adams, Quinnipiac University New York City Poll Finds; Record Number Say Crime Is A Very Serious Problem In NYC

January 26, 2022
Georgia Potential November Showdowns: They're Already Close, Quinnipiac University Georgia Poll Finds; Only 25% Are Very Confident In Accurate 2022 Election Count

January 13, 2022
Americans Split On Which Party Will Protect Right To Vote, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Only 14% Think The Coronavirus Will Be Wiped Out In The U.S.

January 12, 2022
Political Instability Not U.S. Adversaries, Seen As Bigger Threat, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Nearly 6 In 10 Think Nation's Democracy Is In Danger Of Collapse

December 08, 2021
Abbott Leads O'Rourke By Double Digits In Texas Governor's Race, Quinnipiac University Texas Poll Finds; Texas-Mexico Border Dominates Issues For Voters

November 22, 2021
Americans Have No Appetite For Politics At Thanksgiving Table, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 7 In 10 Plan To Give Same Amount To Charity As Last Year

November 19, 2021
Majority Say Supreme Court Motivated By Politics, Not The Law, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Support For Stricter Gun Laws Falls

November 18, 2021
More Prefer Republicans To Win Control Of The House And Senate, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 68% Say Higher Prices Are Changing Spending Habits

October 20, 2021

81% Of Americans Say Life Won't Return To Normal Anytime Soon, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 7 In 10 Say Facebook And Twitter Do More Harm Than Good

October 19, 2021
78% Of Republicans Want To See Trump Run For President In 2024, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Americans Now Split On Border Wall As Opposition Softens

October 06, 2021
Americans Give President Biden Lowest Marks Across The Board, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Majority Say The Biden Administration Is Not Competent

October 05, 2021

Democratic Spending Bills Retain Majority Support, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; But Democrats In Congress Lose Ground

Newt Gingrich labels Biden the second-worst president in American history   Fox News Staff - Yesterday    ThisWay Network

Newt Gingrich labeled Joe Biden as the ‘second-worst president’ in American history and said the White House doesn't understand "the real world" Monday on "Jesse Watters Primetime."


NEWT GINGRICH: I think it's not fair to say that he's the worst president. I think Buchanan, who got us into the Civil War, still has that title. But it would be fair to say that Biden may be the second-worst president in American history, at least in terms of his destructive effect. You know, my wife … went out Saturday, filled up her car, came home in a state of shock. She paid $104.50 to fill up her car. Now, I don't care how often Joe Biden goes on comedy shows, and I understand he'll be on a comedy show Wednesday night. First of all, it's not funny when you can't find infant formula and you can't pay for gas and you can't afford food and crime's going up in your city. But second, that's the real world the White House doesn't understand. You know, you're not eating in the White House mess and you don't have Air Force One taking you somewhere. The world's gotten to be very expensive and very dangerous. And Biden seems to have no clue    OR CARE  about what's going on around him. 


Tucker: You are not allowed to ask this  Fox News  2 months ago

Fox News host gives his take on Ketanji Brown Jackson on 'Tucker Carlson Tonight.' #FoxNews #Tucker

The preface to this article is MY personal opinion ! (although it seems MANY MORE feel the same way as I..)

Why are the demoRats so avidly trying to stop President Trump from running again ? If he is re-elected, that would VOID all the work the demoRats have put forth into the DESTRUCTION of AMERICA because they know Trump would revert to the policies he put in place as President before, and make our country great again. (MAGA)

Whether you're dempRat or Republican, you cannot tell me you are happy with our country's economy as it is right now and that you wouldn't be happy to have it back like it was under Trumps presidency, if you say otherwise, YOU ARE LYING THROUGH YOUR TEETH..!

If the investigations into Trumps role in the Jan 6th "insurrection" is ANYTHING like the "Impeachment" hearings (led by adam schiff) then these hearings will more than likely be even MORE of a fiasco than the impeachments...After all, what would you expect from a "BI-Partison"?? committee made up of six democrats and two republican "never Trumpers", both of whom "HATE TRUMP"....BUT of course that won't stop adam schiff from lying and fabricating any or all of their "evidence". As he did before and I'm sure he will do the same this time, more so. The only difference, THE STAKES ARE A LOT HIGHER THIS TIME..!

Jan. 6 panel has evidence on Trump showing 'a lot more than incitement,' member says (Tom Porter) - 4h ago 

© Jacquelyn Martin/AP Donald Trump at a rally in Washington, DC, on January 6, 2021, hour before the Capitol Riot. Jacquelyn Martin/AP

Rep. Jamie Raskin said the Jan 6 committee found serious evidence implicating Trump in the riot.

He said it showed worse than incitement — the charge in Trump's second impeachment.

Raskin hinted that the committee would try to prove a "conspiracy" in hearings due this week

©Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images; Scott Olshoetty Images; Greg Nash-Pool/Getty Images

2022 is shaping up to be a legal nightmare for Trumpworld. Here's a timeline of upcoming court cases and legal obstacles.

Donald Trump and his allies are facing a flurry of legal challenges this year.

Investigations into his company's finances are ongoing, along with others related to January 6.Here are the dates to watch out for this year.

Former President Donald Trump has had a number of surprising legal victories ever since he left the White House — though his greatest potential battles are still looming.

In November, Summer Zervos, who had accused Trump of sexual assault following her appearance on "The Apprentice," dropped her lawsuit against him before he was forced to sit for a deposition. At around the same time, a New York state judge dismissed a lawsuit from Michael Cohen seeking to have the Trump Organization reimburse his legal fees for work he did on Trump's behalf.

But greater dangers loom. The Trump Organization is the subject of a sprawling investigation from the Manhattan district attorney's office and the New York attorney general's office into alleged financial misconduct.

In Atlanta, Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis is weighing charges over his conduct in the 2020 election. Those investigations are proceeding as the Justice Department comes up on the five-year deadline to prosecute Trump over acts of possible obstruction that former Special Counsel Robert Mueller III scrutinized as part of his investigation into Russia's interference in the 2016 election.

Meanwhile, the Biden administration is sending a steady stream of Trump's White House records to the House committee investigating the January 6, 2021, attack on the Capitol. And Trump — along with many of his allies — face federal investigations and lawsuits stemming from the January 6 insurrection. Expect the judges in those cases to set court dates later this year.

While Trump mulls whether to run for president again in 2024, 2022 is shaping up to be a year of legal headaches for the former president and his associates. Here's a timeline of the threats Trumpworld faces.

Read the original article on Business Insider

The House committee investigating the January 6, 2021, Capitol Riot has evidence against former President Donald Trump showing "a lot more than incitement," one of its members said.

Rep. Jamie Raskin, a Maryland Democrat, said the evidence against Trump was more serious than was known before.

He suggested it would justify more serious charges than leveled at Trump in his second impeachment, where he was accused of incitement to insurrection.

"The select committee has found evidence about a lot more than incitement here, and we're gonna be laying out the evidence about all of the actors who were pivotal to what took place on Jan. 6," Raskin said during an interview Monday with Washington Post Live.

© J. Scott Applewhite/APRep. Jamie Raskin, D-Md., speaks as the House committee investigating the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol at the Capitol in Washington, Monday, March 28, 2022. J. Scott Applewhite/AP

The committee's first public hearings is due on Thursday evening, where the panel plans to reveal the evidence that it has gathered on the key individuals and events behind the riot over more than a year.

kin told the Post that the panel had evidence of "concerted planning and premeditated activity" and that this week's hearing would "tell the story of a conspiracy to overturn the 2020 presidential election and block the transfer of power."

Asked if Trump was at the center of that conspiracy, Raskin said "I think that Donald Trump and the White House were at the center of these events."

"That's the only way really of making sense of them all," he said.

He noted, however, that "people are going to have to make judgments themselves about the relative role that different people played."

Trump was acquitted by the Senate on incitement charges in February 2021, after the upper chamber failed to reach the two-thirds majority required to convict. Seven Republican senators sided with the Democratic caucus in finding the president guilty, enough for an absolute majority but too few for a conviction under impeachment rules.

That trial focused on an incendiary speech Trump delivered to supporters before they marched on the Capitol and temporarily halted the ceremony certifying Joe Biden's victory, as well disinformation from Trump wrongly claiming that the 2020 election was stolen by fraud.

The committee's activities have gone beyond this, per statements by Raskin and other members, and the hearings are likely to make a much broader argument about Trump's culpability.

Insider contacted a spokesperson for Trump for comment.
Read the original article on Business Insider

Monday, June 6, 2022

Tucker: You should be worried about this  Fox News

Fox News host discusses whether Ukraine is a democracy on 'Tucker Carlson Tonight.' #FoxNews #Tucker


 Tucker Carlson: What is going on here?  Fox News

Fox News host Tucker Carlson gives his take on Peter Navarro's arrest over dispute with January 6 committee on 'Tucker Carlson Tonight.' #FoxNews #tucker

Time to Reestablish the Concepts of Duty and Accountability  Kurt Schlichter  Posted: Jun 02, 2022

Kids are getting killed and you have a badge and a gun and you just sit there?

For an hour?

What the hell?

I’m trying to figure out the thought process and I can’t nail it down. Were they just listening to their Beto-donating boss? Were they tactically inept? Were they cowards?

Duty is a demanding mistress, which is why they call it “duty” and not “fun.” You get to walk around in your uniform with people thanking you for being a first responder, which is nice. You have to deal with the hassles of taking out society’s trash, certainly. And sometimes maybe you die.

Now, I’ve pointed out these obvious truths on Twitter in the wake of this black eye to law enforcement – and it is yet another one. After the defund-the-police fiasco drew skirmish lines between cop supporters and the cop haters, a lot of cops – too many – chose to comply with ridiculous COVID fascism. That lost cops a lot of friends, and they didn’t have too many to start with. Now the ruling caste is telling us we need to disarm because criminals are running rampant and to rely on the cops and then this disgraceful incident happens. Law enforcement, I’ve been a supporter since sheriff’s deputies sat around our kitchen table as my DA mom wrote them search warrants, but it's time you hear the truth: you are running low on friends, so maybe don’t alienate anyone else for a while

The pushback to my and others’ observation that this is a total failure that goes beyond mere failure into the realm of MEGA failure has drawn pushback from some cops and their fans. It's not like we have ever personally busted down a door, goes the thinking, so we should not second guess the guys who do.

Well, there are a lot of problems with that line of thinking, starting with the lack of timely busting down of doors. This is not some highly technical tactical scheme that we’re unable to accurately assess as non-LEOs. If kids are getting shot, you kill the guy doing it or die trying.

Here is the hierarchy of lives that matter in this scenario in descending order of mattering:

NBC News Described the Biden White House With One Word...And It's Not Good  Matt Vespa @mvespa1 Posted: Jun 01, 2022

He’s weak. He’s stupid. He’s old. He’s senile. His mind is applesauce. The White House is more of a retirement home. Joe Biden is more fit to be the face of a brand of adult diapers than the president. He knew about the baby formula shortage several months ago and did nothing. It’s probably because he forgot. In Biden’s America, inflation is high, gas prices are out of control, and mothers can’t feed their babies. The man has been wrong on every foreign policy initiative over the past 40 years. It's now crept into domestic policy. He doesn’t know what he’s doing or where he's going, leaving a White House staff exhausted at cleaning up his media messes. Grandpa can’t deal. The man is being propped up by the media and a friendly DC establishment and even then, the man can’t get approvals that break 40 percent.

Even NBC News can’t shield him anymore. For starters, Biden thinks he deserves more credit for helping the economy. Who cares if one’s paycheck has been torched because you can’t get inflation under control? Who cares if Americans now have to choose which bills they pay on time because the pain at the pump has torched their wallets? Oh, and again, the baby formula fiasco. This White House cannot do crisis management if their lives depended on it. the best is him declaring that he means what he says and that he’s all there. Dude, the reason why your staff corrects you or jumps into the line of fire here is that what you say doesn’t make sense.

It’s not a good thing to basically say that high gas prices are what you pay during this period of energy transition. This is a midterm year, Joe. Even though this is never going to happen ever given the current conditions, it’s best if you—you know—at least try and act the part. You’re supposed to be trying to help your party keep the majority, not give scores of voters a reason to vote Republican. The news organization succinctly described this administration in one word: “adrift.” Even Biden’s closest allies seem to be admitting that this dude is just a low poll politician who can’t manage. It doesn’t help that they don’t know what needs to be done for Joe to climb out of this hole (via NBC News):

“I don’t know what’s required here,” said Rep. James Clyburn, D-S.C., whose endorsement in the 2020 Democratic primaries helped rescue Biden’s struggling candidacy. “But I do know the poll numbers have been stuck where they are for far too long.”

Amid a rolling series of calamities, Biden’s feeling lately is that he just can’t catch a break. “Biden is frustrated. If it’s not one thing, it’s another,” said a person close to the president.

An assumption baked into Biden’s candidacy was that he would preside over a smoothly running administration by dint of his decades of experience in public office. Yet there are signs of managerial breakdowns that have angered both him and his party.

Beyond policy, Biden is unhappy about a pattern that has developed inside the West Wing. He makes a clear and succinct statement — only to have aides rush to explain that he actually meant something else. The so-called clean-up campaign, he has told advisers, undermines him and smothers the authenticity that fueled his rise. Worse, it feeds a Republican talking point that he’s not fully in command.

The issue came to a head when Biden ad-libbed during a speech in Poland that Russian President Vladimir Putin “cannot remain in power.” Within minutes, Biden’s aides tried to walk back his comments, saying he hadn’t called for Putin’s removal and that U.S. policy was unchanged. Biden was furious that his remarks were being seen as unreliable, arguing that he speaks genuinely and reminding his staff that he’s the one who is president.

Biden has vented to aides about not getting credit from Americans or the news media for actions he believes have helped the country, particularly on the economy. Unemployment rates have dropped to below 4 percent — pre-pandemic levels — but polling indicates most Americans believe the economy is in bad shape. Biden grouses that Republicans aren’t getting their share of the blame for legislative gridlock in Congress, while he’s repeatedly faulted for not getting his agenda passed.

The president has also told aides he doesn’t think enough Democrats go on television to defend him. A particular sore spot is his slumping poll numbers; he’s mystified that his approval rating has dropped to a level approaching that of his predecessor, Donald Trump, ranked by historians as one of the worst presidents in history.

“He’s now lower than Trump, and he’s really twisted about it,” another person close to the White House said.

What a lengthy piece about the failure of this man. And remember, Trump’s approval numbers were always unreliable due to endless media assaults. Voters loved his policies, which ushered in peace and prosperity. Businesses were doling out bonus checks to workers. That’s not happening under Biden. Gas wasn’t insanely priced. We could feed our children. Apple repatriated $285 billion during the Trump years. Jobs reports were stellar. Unemployment reached a half-century low under Trump. Consumer and small business confidence reached their highest marks in years. Not under Biden. The man just cannot fill the office. There is nothing that says he’s presidential. He’s just there, disappointing, lacking energy, and with no one having confidence that he can lead. He can’t.

What has this man done for America? He’s been in DC for decades and did nothing. Now, he’s president and is even a bigger non-factor. This guy thought he could coast and look all competent and pretty. Instead, all we got was a tire fire that’s been burning for months. Even the simple stuff looks like a bumbling mess. It looks like it’s hard for him to do. And we still have two more years of this guy.

The fact that he’s shaken by his poll dip is interesting, especially since one of his last pressers he arrogantly said he doesn’t believe the polls. Well, most of the country thinks you suck, Joe. You suck. Your agenda sucks. Your White House sucks. And how much more money have you stashed away from shady deals you did with that crack cocaine degenerate son of yours?

Spencer wrote about the shake-up that could be coming with the senior staff. Katie and Guy both wrote takes on this story yesterday.

Go back to Delaware, Joe, and take mattress queen with you.

If you have ever wondered WHY, you hear of a mass shooting and not long after you hear of another one and sometimes another one...This article from 2019 may shed some light on the possible reason for that...

Mass Shootings Can Be Contagious, Research Shows

August 6, 2019 Heard on All Things Considered RHITU CHATTERJEET

Crosses memorialize the victims of a mass shooting, which left at least 22 people dead, in El Paso, Texas. It was one of cluster of shootings that took place in roughly a week.Mario Tama  /Getty Images

There were three high-profile shootings across the country in one week: The shooting in Gilroy, Calif., on July 28, and then the back-to-back shootings in El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, this past weekend.

That's no surprise, say scientists who study mass shootings. Research shows that these incidents usually occur in clusters and tend to be contagious. Intensive media coverage seems to drive the contagion, the researchers say.

Back in 2014 and 2015, researchers at Arizona State University analyzed data on cases of mass violence. They included USA Today's data on mass killings (defined as four or more people killed using any means, including guns) from 2006 to 2013, data on school shootings between 1998 and 2013, and mass shootings (defined as incidents in which three people were shot, not necessarily killed) between 2005 and 2013 collected by the
Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.

The lead researcher, Sherry Towers, a faculty research associate at Arizona State University, had spent most of her career modeling the spread of infectious diseases — like Ebola, influenza and sexually transmitted diseases. She wanted to know whether cases of mass violence spread contagiously, like in a disease outbreak.

So, she plugged each data set into a mathematical model.

"What we found was that for the mass killings — so these are high-profile mass killings where there's at least four people killed — there was significant evidence of contagion," says Towers. "We also found significant evidence of contagion in the school shootings."

In other words, school shootings and other shootings with four or more deaths spread like a contagion — each shooting tends to spark more shootings.

"So one happens and you see another few happen right after that," says
Jillian Peterson, a criminologist at Hamline University in Minnesota and founder of the nonpartisan think tank, The Violence Project. She wasn't involved in the Arizona State research but has found similar patterns in her own research.

Towers and her colleagues also found that what set apart shootings that were contagious was the amount of media coverage they received. "In the incidences where there were four or more people killed, and even school shootings, those tended to get national and even international media attention," says Towers.

She also found that there is a window when a shooting is most likely to lead to more incidents — about two weeks. Towers and her team
published their results in 2015.

It's a form of social contagion, says Peterson, somewhat like a suicide contagion — that's when a high-profile suicide leads to more people to take their own lives. For example, following the suicide of actor Robin Williams, researchers documented
a 10% spike in suicides in the months following his death. Vulnerable individuals who are already struggling with suicidal thoughts read or watched news reports of the actor's death and then took their own lives.

Mass shooting contagion is similar, she says.

Peterson has interviewed living mass shooters in prison and people who knew such perpetrators and has found that these individuals often start out feeling suicidal.

"We can show about 80 percent were
actively suicidal prior to the shooting," she says.

Now, the vast majority of people who are suicidal don't attack others. And people with any kind of mental health problems aren't more likely to be violent than others. In fact, they are
more likely to be victims of violence than those without mental illness.

But Peterson says that in very rare cases, a tiny minority of people considering suicide go down the path of violence toward others. She has come to think of mass shootings as a form of suicide. "They're angry, horrible suicides that take a lot of people with them," she says. "The shooter never intends to live; there's never a getaway plan. Typically they tend to think of this [as] their kind of last moment."

Other researchers have documented the same in studies of active shooters.

"About half of the school shooters I've studied died by suicide in their attack," Peter Langman, a clinical psychologist in Allentown, Pa.,
told NPR earlier this year. "It's often a mix of severe depression and anguish and desperation driving them to end their own lives."

Vulnerable individuals who are also angry and already considering violence may read or watch the news of a mass shooting and identify with the shooter and be inspired by them.

"So a mass shooting happens and then vulnerable individuals who are actively suicidal and in crisis and hear about the shooting and see this as kind of a script that they could also follow," she says.

Access to guns and a venue allows them to follow that script.

"There is this element of wanting notoriety in death that you don't have in life," Peterson says. "So when one happens and it makes headlines and the names and pictures are everywhere and the whole world is talking about it, that becomes something that other people see as a possibility for themselves."

Now it's hard to know yet whether the shooter in Dayton, Ohio, was consciously influenced by the shooter in El Paso, the one in Gilroy, Calif., or another shooting.

But Sherry Towers notes that there's clear evidence that the shooter in El Paso, Texas, was inspired by the shooting at a mosque in New Zealand back in March.

"It's in his manifesto that he published online," says Towers. "He mentions that he wanted to emulate the Christchurch, New Zealand, shooting."

Peterson and other researchers who study mass shootings think the media should avoid showing the shooters' images and dwelling on their life histories and motives. "The fact that we give them that notoriety is problematic," says Peterson.